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缇庡厓涓轰綍鍙1鍒锛熸彮绉樻缇庡悇鍥借揣甯佸悕绉拌捣婧

2018-04-17 鏉ユ簮:鍥藉缃戠珯鎺ㄨ崘 - 鐢盵鍥藉缃戠珯澶у叏]鏁寸悊 36

伟德国际A fistful of dollars

绗竴鎶婄編閲

The dollar is one of the most common currencies in the world used by the US, Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand, and Singapore to name a few. The origin of the dollar, also the Slovenian tolar, is from a coin called the Joachimsthaler, shortened to Thaler, named after the valley in which the silver it was made from was mined, the Joachimsthal, literally 鈥楯oachim鈥檚 valley鈥. The term began to be used in other languages, especially Dutch, and was later applied to the most widely used coin in the American colonies. In 1792, it was adopted as the name of the US monetary unit.

伟德国际锛屛さ掠槔殖秋紝伟德1946

缇庡厓涓轰綍鍙1鍒锛熸彮绉樻缇庡悇鍥借揣甯佸悕绉拌捣婧

All that glitters is not gold

闂厜鐨勪笉閮芥槸閲戝瓙

Many countries use the dinar, which comes from the Latin denarius, an ancient Roman silver coin: Jordanian dinar, Algerian dinar, Serbian dinar, and Kuwaiti dinar among others. The Indian and Pakistani rupee derives from the Sanskrit rupya meaning 鈥榳roughtsilver鈥.

绾︽棪銆 闃垮皵鍙婂埄浜氥佸灏旂淮浜氥佺濞佺壒绛夌瓑锛岃繖浜涘浗瀹剁殑閮戒互绗撼灏斾负璐у竵鍗曚綅锛屾簮浜庢媺涓佽涓殑鍙ょ綏椹摱甯併傚嵃搴﹀拰宸村熀鏂潶鍗㈡瘮婧愪簬姊垫枃鐨勫崲姣旓紝鎰忎负閿婚犻摱甯併

The South African rand is named after the Witwatersrand, the area around Johannesburg known for its gold deposits. The Hungarian forint鈥俢omes from the Italian fiorino, originally the name of a gold coin from Florence, Italy with a flower (Italianfiore) stamped on it. The British coin the florin (used until 1971) has the same origin.

鍗楅潪鐨勫叞鐗逛互濞佺壒娌冪壒鏂叞寰峰懡鍚嶏紝璇ュ湴浠ラ噾鍌ㄩ噺闂诲悕;鍖堢墮鍒╃鏋楀拰鑻卞浗寮楁礇鏋(1971骞村仠鐢)婧愪簬鎰忓ぇ鍒╄彶濂ラ噷璇猴紝璧峰垵鏄經缃椾鸡钀ㄥ嵃鑺遍噾甯佺殑鍚嶅瓧銆

Serrated edges on coins became popular when coins were made of precious metals like gold and silver because the ridges made it harder for people to scrape off metal and devalue the coins.

褰撻挶甯佸紑濮嬬敤閲戦摱绛夌█鏈夐噾灞炲埗閫犳椂锛岄敮榻垮舰杈瑰紑濮嬫祦琛岋紝杩欐牱鏇翠笉瀹规槗鍒幓閲戝睘浣块挶甯佽船鍊笺

Doing the rounds

閽卞竵鐪嬩竴"鍦"

Chinese yuan 鍏, Japanese yen 鍐, and Korean won 鞗, all originate from the Chinese character 鍦 meaning 鈥榬ound鈥 or 鈥榬ound coin鈥. Although in English, we speak about the Hong Kong dollar or the New Taiwan dollar, in Chinese these are referred to as yu谩n 鍦.

涓浗鐨勫厓锛屾棩鏈殑鍐嗭紝闊╁浗鐨勳洂閮借捣婧愪簬姹夊瓧鍦擄紝鎰忎负鈥滃渾褰㈢殑鈥濇垨鑰呪滃渾褰㈤挶甯佲濄傚敖绠″湪鑻辫涓紝鎴戜滑灏嗛娓拰鍙版咕璐у竵绉颁负dollar锛屽湪姹夎涓畠浠兘鍙滃厓鈥濄

Royal crown

鐨囧鐜嬪啝

Many Scandinavian countries use currency whose name is ultimately derived from the Latin corona meaning 鈥榗rown鈥: Swedish krona, Norwegian krone, Danish krone, Icelandic kr贸na as well as the Estonian kroon (now replaced by the Euro) and the Czech koruna. The Spanish real, a former currency of Spain derived from the Latin regalis meaning 鈥榬oyal鈥 which is the origin of a number of Middle Eastern currencies.

寰堝鏂牚鐨勭撼缁翠簹鍥藉(濡傜憺鍏搞佹尓濞併佷腹楹︺佸啺宀涖佺埍娌欏凹浜氥佹嵎鍏嬬瓑)鐨勫悕绉版渶鍒濋兘璧锋簮浜庢媺涓佽绉戠綏濞滐紝鎰忎负鐜嬪啝銆傝タ鐝墮鍓嶈揣甯侀浄浜氬皵鍒欒捣婧愪簬鎷変竵璇殗瀹や竴璇嶏紝涓笢璁稿鍥藉鐨勮揣甯佷篃璧锋簮浜庢銆

A weighty subject

閲嶉噺鍗曚綅

Although the Germans and the Finns use the Euro now, their former currencies the German mark and the Finnish markka, both have their origin in units of weight. While the Spanish peso meaning 鈥榳eight鈥 in Spanish, is also no longer used in Spain. The Russian鈥俽uble or 褉褍斜谢褜, was originally a measure of weight used for silver. The Italian and Turkish lira also have their origins in units of weight from the Latin libra meaning 鈥榩ound鈥.

灏界寰峰浗鍜岃姮鍏扮幇鍦ㄤ娇鐢ㄦ鍏冿紝瀹冧滑鍘熷厛鐨勮揣甯侀┈鍏嬫簮浜庨噸閲忓崟浣;瑗跨彮鐗欐瘮绱㈢殑鎰忔濇槸閲嶉噺锛屼絾鐩墠鍦ㄨタ鐝墮宸蹭笉鍐嶆祦閫;淇勭綏鏂崲甯冭捣鍏堟槸绉伴噺閾跺瓙鐨勯噸閲忓崟浣;鎰忓ぇ鍒╁拰鍦熻冲叾閲屾媺鍚屾牱婧愪簬鎷変竵璇剰涓衡滅鈥濈殑璇嶆眹銆


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